And as the country and larger field appearance sea shortages once again, U.S. President Donald Trumps refugee and travel rules are leaving its people with even fewer an opportunity for escape.
On Friday, Trump signed an executive order that, among other things, defers refugee admissions to the U.S. from all countries for four months and curtails travel from seven countries Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen for 90 days.
Just a few days later, the United Nation Food and Agriculture Organization announced that, after months of lower-than-average rainfall, more than 17 million people are in crisis and emergency food insecurity levels in several east African nations, including Somalia and Sudan.
Two million Somalis are currently seeking refuge outside their homeland, constructing it the worlds third-largest source country for refugees behind only Syria and Afghanistan. According to USA Today, nearly15, 000 Somali refugees who had planned to resettle in the U.S. are currently stranded in Kenyas Dadaab, the worlds largest refugee camp, after Trumps immigration order went into effect.
More than 130 Somali refugees had already been approved to enter the U.S. and had been poised to leave the camp when Trumps directive was announced. The administration mentioned Tuesday that it would admit 872 pre-approved refugees into the U.S. the coming week, but its unclear whether these people are part of that group.
In Somalia, 5 million people, or about 40 percent of the population, are facing thirst because of both drought and contending between the Islamist militant group al-Shabaab and Somalias African Union-backed government. More than 300, 000 offsprings under the age of 5 are acutely malnourished
In recent years, drought has become a frequent visitor to east Africa. In 2011, a ravaging drought, said to be the worst in the region in 60 years, threatened the livelihoods of nearly 10 million people. Almost 260, 000 succumbed of starvation in Somalia alone half of them were children under the age of 5.
Last year, drought destroyed the region again. Exacerbated by one of the most powerful El Nino occurrences ever recorded, the dry sorcery left millions facing hunger across southern and eastern Africa.
We dont have meat, sea, and clothes, Quresha Abdi Ali, a displaced Somali woman, told Africa News this week. Our farms are barren, our livestock are dead, and our boys cannot find any work to do. I lost my son because I couldnt find any food or sea to be given I also lost 12 members of their own families. We are in so much despair.