Worm Farm Kit: Essential Supplies Every Beginner Should Have

Preparing a worm farm kit is easy. Plus, the materials you need are also very affordable. To help you get you started, here are the materials that you need to prepare.

RELATED: How To Start Your Own Worm Composting Bin

Worm Farm Kit For Beginners

What is Worm Farming?

Worm farming, or vermicomposting, is the process of turning your household food waste into nutritious and fertilized soil, or vermicompost, using compost worms.

Making vermicompost is easy to make. You can even start your worm farm kit and a compost bin in the comforts of your homestead.

What are the Benefits of Worm Farming?

Worm farming has a lot of long-term benefits, especially for plants. First, the vermicompost produced by worms is very nutritious to plants. According to Griffith University, vermicompost contains the following nutrients:

  • Phosphorous
  • Potassium
  • Nitrogen

It also contains the following natural fertilizers:

  • Azatobacte
  • Phospho bacteria
  • Carbonic biomass

Given all these nutrients present in vermicompost, you can see that this type of soil can indeed help increase crop productivity and suppress diseases that can spread in plants. Also, it can even improve the taste of vegetables and fruits.

Second, vermicompost can help increase microbial activity and porosity in soil. Meaning, it can help lock in more nutrients, air, and water into the soil. As a result, your plants would need fewer chemical fertilizers to grow properly.

And lastly, worm farming can help you cultivate both worms and vermicompost for selling. You can harvest vermicompost in bulk, or bag with a variety of soil blends. Then, you can sell it to other businesses like home improvement centers, landscape contractors, and flower shops. On the other hand, you can also sell worms in sealed bags to other homesteaders or farmers like you.

RELATED: 4 Best Types of Compost Worms For Your Worm Farm

What Supplies Do I Need in my Worm Farm Kit?

It is very easy to be a worm farmer. You only need basic materials to create your worm farm kit. Here are the things you need to prepare:


First, you need to know that not all earthworms can be used to make a worm farm kit. Out of around 2,700 worm species in the world, only a few can adapt to living in a compost bin. Here are some examples:

  • African Nightcrawler
  • Alabama or Georgia Jumper
  • Blue Worm
  • Red Wrigglers

Out of the four species above, the Red Wrigglers are homesteaders’ common favorite. It is very common to find, easy to manage, and also very affordable. To start of your worm bin, purchase around 500 to 1,000 pieces of any of the worms above in any bait shops or gardening centers.

Two Bins or Containers

Then, prepare two bins with lids. These bins or containers must be at least 12 inches deep. Also, make sure that a bin must be larger than the other. This is because you would need to use the larger bin as a catch basin for the smaller one. Make sure that the bins are opaque since worms thrive in darkness.

Drill small holes on the sides and at the bottom of the smaller bin, to allow for air. You can also attach a screen or a piece of cloth on the lids to safeguard the worms from escaping.

Shredded Paper

The next material you need in your worm farm kit would be the compost beddings. You can use shredded newspapers, cardboards, or bond papers. Some dried leaves would work, too. Although, remember that you can’t use any colored, scented, or hard paper. These types of paper have chemicals that can damage the worm’s skin and even poison them.

Soak the shredded paper with water for around 30 minutes before throwing them into the bins.

Food Scraps

Got any leftover food? Don’t throw them away yet. Add these into your worm farm kit, instead.

As you know, kitchen scraps are the best. Worms can eat up to their weight in food every day. You can feed your worms once a week with lots of fruit and veggie scraps, as well as bread or pasta. Just make sure that you won’t add an animal, dairy, and oily products like the following:

  • Meat
  • Fat
  • Bones
  • Butter
  • Yogurt

Worms typically don’t like these kinds of scraps. It would typically take them longer to digest these. You should also moderately add citrus and coffee grounds now and then because these foods are very acidic.

During the first few days, make sure to observe what scraps your worms are eating, and which ones they are ignoring. This would help you find out which scraps to give them in the following weeks to come.

If you notice some untouched food scraps in the bin, remove them right away. Doing this would help prevent rotting smell and fruit flies swarming into your bin.

Compost Soil

Lastly, add five to ten pounds of compost soil in your worm farm kit. These would also function as compost beddings in the worm bin. Make sure that the topmost layer of your bin is soil, so you can prevent the worms from escaping. Doing this would also prevent foul odor and fruit flies.

How Do I Set Up My Worm Farm Kit?

To assemble your worm farm kit, first, you need to find a location. Remember that worms are seasonal creatures. During summer, you need to keep your worms in a cool and sheltered environment so it’s not too hot for them.

And during colder months, move the bin into a sunny area. To be safe, you can keep your worm bin indoors to protect them from extreme weather conditions.

Next, gather all the materials listed above, and tuck them carefully in the worm bin. Alternatively, you can also buy a commercially-produced worm farm from gardening shops or other homesteaders like you. Upon setting up your worm farm, you can sprinkle pesticide around the bins to prevent insects from crawling inside the bins.

After a few months, your worm farm will harvest two types of fertilizer – liquid and solid. Liquid fertilizer refers to the worm wee that you would collect at the bottom of your worm farm. Dilute the wee with water to make nutritious plant fertilizer.

Meanwhile, the solid fertilizer refers to the rich, dark, soil that you can harvest in the middle and top layers of the worm farm.

If you want to learn how to make organic worm compost at home, watch this YouTube video by Urban Gardening:

Creating your worm farm kit is easy. All you need are basic materials like worms, used containers, some kitchen scraps, and shredded paper. Always remember to observe how your worm behaves every few days, and watch out for the scraps that your worms are eating or ignoring.

What kitchen scraps do you usually feed your worms? Share your ideas in the comments section below!

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